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Isles of Scilly, England

Mount's Bay from helicopter (author: Tom Corser, 2009).
An aerial photo of the Isles of Scilly, Great Britain (author: ISS Crew Earth Observations, 2007).
An aerial photo of the Isles of Scilly, Great Britain (author: ISS Crew Earth Observations, 2007).

 

The Isles of Scilly (/ˈsɪli/; Cornish: Syllan or Enesek Syllan) are an archipelago off the southwestern tip of the Cornish peninsula of Great Britain. It is the southernmost location in England and the United Kingdom, as well as the most westerly in England.

The population of all the islands at the 2011 census was 2,203. Scilly forms part of the ceremonial county of Cornwall, and some services are combined with those of Cornwall. However, since 1890, the islands have had a separate local authority. Since the passing of the Isles of Scilly Order 1930, this authority has had the status of a county council and today is known as the Council of the Isles of Scilly.

The adjective “Scillonian” is sometimes used for people or things related to the archipelago. The Duchy of Cornwall owns most of the freehold land on the islands. Tourism is a major part of the local economy, along with agriculture — particularly the growing of cut flowers.

 

 

 

 

History

Ancient history

 

Looking across Tresco, one of the 5 inhabited islands of the Isles of Scilly 28 miles from the coast of Cornwall in the United Kingdom (author: Tom Corser, 2009, www.tomcorser.com).
Looking across Tresco, one of the 5 inhabited islands of the Isles of Scilly 28 miles from the coast of Cornwall in the United Kingdom (author: Tom Corser, 2009, www.tomcorser.com).

 

Scilly has been inhabited since the Stone Age, and until the early 20th century its history had been one of subsistence living. Farming and fishing continue, but the main industry now is tourism.

The islands may correspond to the Cassiterides (Tin Isles) visited by the Phoenicians and mentioned by the Greeks. However, the archipelago itself does not contain much tin—it may be that the islands were used as a staging post.

It is likely that until relatively recent times the islands were much larger and perhaps joined together into one island named Ennor. Rising sea levels flooded the central plain around 400–500 AD, forming the current fifty-five islands and islets, if an island is defined as “land surrounded by water at high tide and supporting land vegetation”. The word Ennor is a contraction of En Noer (Moer, mutated to Noer), meaning the ‘great island’.

Evidence for the older large island includes:

  • A description in Roman times describes Scilly as “Scillonia insula” in the singular, indicating either a single island or an island much bigger than any of the others.
  • Remains of a prehistoric farm have been found on Nornour, which is now a small rocky skerry far too small for farming. There once was an Iron Age Britain community here that extended into Roman times. This community was likely formed by immigrants from Brittany, likely the Veneti who were active in the tin trade from mining in Cornwall and Devon.
  • At certain low tides the sea becomes shallow enough for people to walk between some of the islands. This is possibly one of the sources for stories of drowned lands, e.g. Lyonesse.
  • Ancient field walls are visible below the high tide line off some of the islands (e.g. Samson).
  • Some of the Cornish language place names also appear to reflect past shorelines, and former land areas.
  • The whole of southern England has been steadily sinking in opposition to post-glacial rebound in Scotland: this has caused the rias (drowned river valleys) on the southern Cornish coast, e.g. River Fal and the Tamar Estuary.

Offshore, midway between Land’s End and the Isles of Scilly, is the supposed location of the mythical lost land of Lyonesse, referred to in Arthurian literature, of which Tristan is said to have been a prince. This may be a folk memory of inundated lands, but this legend is also common among the Brythonic peoples; the legend of Ys is a parallel and cognate legend in Brittany as is that of Cantre’r Gwaelod in Wales.

Scilly has been identified as the place of exile of two heretical 4th century bishops, Instantius and Tiberianus, who were followers of Priscillian.

 

 

 

 

 

Norse and Norman period

 

Olaf Tryggvason, who visited the islands in 986. It is said an encounter with a cleric there led him to Christianise Norway (artist : Peter Nicolai Arbo (1831–1892), PD-US).
Olaf Tryggvason, who visited the islands in 986. It is said an encounter with a cleric there led him to Christianise Norway (artist : Peter Nicolai Arbo (1831–1892), PD-US).

 

At the time of King Cnut, the Isles of Scilly fell outside England’s rule, as did Cornwall and Wales.

In 995, Olaf Tryggvason became King Olaf I of Norway. Born c. 960, Olaf had raided various European cities and fought in several wars. In 986 he (supposedly) met a Christian seer on the Isles of Scilly. He was probably Priscillian and a part of the tiny Christian community that was exiled here from Spain by Emperor Maximus for Priscillianism and their part in the Priscilline heresy. In Snorri Sturluson‘s Royal Sagas of Norway, it is stated that this seer told him:

 

Thou wilt become a renowned king, and do celebrated deeds. Many men wilt thou bring to faith and baptism, and both to thy own and others’ good; and that thou mayst have no doubt of the truth of this answer, listen to these tokens. When thou comest to thy ships many of thy people will conspire against thee, and then a battle will follow in which many of thy men will fall, and thou wilt be wounded almost to death, and carried upon a shield to thy ship; yet after seven days thou shalt be well of thy wounds, and immediately thou shalt let thyself be baptised.

 

 

The legend continues that, as the seer foretold, Olaf was attacked by a group of mutineers upon returning to his ships. As soon as he had recovered from his wounds, he let himself be baptised. He then stopped raiding Christian cities, and lived in England and Ireland. In 995, he used an opportunity to return to Norway. When he arrived, the Haakon Jarl was facing a revolt. Olaf Tryggvason persuaded the rebels to accept him as their king, and Jarl Haakon was murdered by his own slave, while he was hiding from the rebels in a pig sty.

 

At the time of King Cnut, the Isles of Scilly fell outside England's rule, as did Cornwall and Wales (source: en.wikipedia, 2006).
At the time of King Cnut, the Isles of Scilly fell outside England’s rule, as did Cornwall and Wales (source: en.wikipedia, 2006).

 

With the Norman Conquest, the Isles of Scilly came more under centralised control. About twenty years later, the Domesday survey was conducted. The islands would have formed part of the “Exeter Domesday” circuit, which included Cornwall, Devon, Dorset, Somerset, and Wiltshire.

In the mid-12th century, there was reportedly a Viking attack on the Isles of Scilly, called Syllingar by the Norse, recorded in the Orkneyinga sagaSweyn Asleifsson “went south, under Ireland, and seized a barge belonging to some monks in Syllingar and plundered it.” (Chap LXXIII) :

…the three chiefs—Swein, Þorbjörn and Eirik—went out on a plundering expedition. They went first to the Suðreyar [Hebrides], and all along the west to the Syllingar, where they gained a great victory in Maríuhöfn on Columba’s-mass [9 June], and took much booty. Then they returned to the Orkneys.

Maríuhöfn” literally means “Mary’s Harbour/Haven”. The name does not make it clear if it referred to a harbour on a larger island than today’s St Mary’s, or a whole island.

It is generally considered that Cornwall, and possibly the Isles of Scilly, came under the dominion of the English Crown late in the reign of Æthelstan (r. 924–939). In early times one group of islands was in the possession of a confederacy of hermits. King Henry I (r. 1100–35) gave it to the abbey of Tavistock who established a priory on Tresco, which was abolished at the Reformation.

 

 

Later Middle Ages and early modern period

 

Scilly was one of the Hundreds of Cornwall (formerly known as Cornish Shires) in the early 19th century (author: Owen Cook, 2005).
Scilly was one of the Hundreds of Cornwall (formerly known as Cornish Shires) in the early 19th century (author: Owen Cook, 2005).

 

At the turn of the 14th century, the Abbot and convent of Tavistock Abbey petitioned the king,

stat[ing] that they hold certain isles in the sea between Cornwall and Ireland, of which the largest is called Scilly, to which ships come passing between France, Normandy, Spain, Bayonne, Gascony, Scotland, Ireland, Wales and Cornwall: and, because they feel that in the event of a war breaking out between the kings of England and France, or between any of the other places mentioned, they would not have enough power to do justice to these sailors, they ask that they might exchange these islands for lands in Devon, saving the churches on the islands appropriated to them.

 

William le Poer, coroner of Scilly, is recorded in 1305 as being worried about the extent of wrecking in the islands, and sending a petition to the King. The names provide a wide variety of origins, e.g. Robert and Henry Sage (English), Richard de Tregenestre (Cornish), Ace de Veldre (French), Davy Gogch (possibly Welsh, or Cornish), and Adam le Fuiz Yaldicz (Spanish).

It is not known at what point the islands’ inhabitants stopped speaking the Cornish language, but the language seems to have gone into decline in Cornwall beginning in the Late Middle Ages; it was still dominant between the islands and Bodmin at the time of the Reformation, but it suffered an accelerated decline thereafter. The islands appear to have lost the old Celtic language before parts of Penwith on the mainland, in contrast to the history of Irish or Scottish Gaelic.

 

Scilly Isles map (author: John Bartholomew, 1874).
Scilly Isles map (author: John Bartholomew, 1874).

 

During the English Civil War, the Parliamentarians captured the isles, only to see their garrison mutiny and return the isles to the Royalists. By 1651 the Royalist governor, Sir John Grenville, was using the islands as a base for privateering raids on Commonwealth and Dutch shipping. The Dutch admiral Maarten Tromp sailed to the isles and on arriving on 30 May 1651 demanded compensation. In absence of compensation or a satisfactory reply, he declared war on England in June. It was during this period that the Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years’ War started between the isles and the Netherlands.

In June 1651, Admiral Robert Blake recaptured the isles for the Parliamentarians. Blake’s initial attack on Old Grimsby failed, but the next attacks succeeded in taking Tresco and Bryher. Blake placed a battery on Tresco to fire on St Mary’s, but one of the guns exploded, killing its crew and injuring Blake. A second battery proved more successful. Subsequently, Grenville and Blake negotiated terms that permitted the Royalists to surrender honourably. The Parliamentary forces then set to fortifying the islands. They built Cromwell’s Castle—a gun platform on the west side of Tresco—using materials scavenged from an earlier gun platform further up the hill. Although this poorly sited earlier platform dated back to the 1550s, it is now referred to as King Charles’s Castle.

During the night of 22 October 1707, the isles were the scene of one of the worst maritime disasters in British history, when out of a fleet of 21 Royal Navy ships headed from Gibraltar to Portsmouth, six were driven onto the cliffs. Four of the ships sank or capsized, with at least 1,450 dead, including the commanding admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell.

There is evidence for inundation by the tsunami caused by the 1755 Lisbon earthquake.

The islands appear to have been raided frequently by Barbary pirates to enslave residents to support the Barbary slave trade.

 

 

 

 

Governors of Scilly

 

An early governor of Scilly was Thomas Godolphin, whose son Francis received a lease on the Isles in 1568. They were styled Governors of Scilly and the Godolphins and their Osborne relatives held this position until 1834. In 1834 Augustus John Smith acquired the lease from the Duchy for £20,000 (£ 1,730,000 in 2016). Smith created the title Lord Proprietor of the Isles of Scilly for himself, and many of his actions were unpopular. The lease remained in his family until it expired for most of the Isles in 1920 when ownership reverted to the Duchy of Cornwall. Today, the Dorrien-Smith estate still holds the lease for the island of Tresco.

 

 

 

 

Geography

 

A map of the British Isles, with the largest islands and archipelagos labelled and a red circle around (below) the Scilly Isles (author: User:Smurrayinchester, 2010).
A map of the British Isles, with the largest islands and archipelagos labelled and a red circle around (below) the Scilly Isles (author: User:Smurrayinchester, 2010).

 

The five wards (which are also the civil parishes) of the Isles of Scilly; red is St Agnes, blue is Bryher, orange is Tresco, green is St Martin's, and grey is St Mary's (author: Sumorsǣte, 2016).
The five wards (which are also the civil parishes) of the Isles of Scilly; red is St Agnes, blue is Bryher, orange is Tresco, green is St Martin’s, and grey is St Mary’s (author: Sumorsǣte, 2016).

 
The five wards (which are also the civil parishes) of the Isles of Scilly; red is St Agnes, blue is Bryher, orange is Tresco, green is St Martin’s, and grey is St Mary’s.

The Isles of Scilly form an archipelago of five inhabited islands (six if Gugh is counted separately from St Agnes) and numerous other small rocky islets (around 140 in total) lying 45 km (28 mi) off Land’s End.

The islands’ position produces a place of great contrast—the ameliorating effect of the sea, greatly influenced by the North Atlantic Current, means they rarely have frost or snow, which allows local farmers to grow flowers well ahead of those in mainland Britain. The chief agricultural product is cut flowers, mostly daffodils. Exposure to Atlantic winds also means that spectacular winter gales lash the islands from time to time. This is reflected in the landscape, most clearly seen on Tresco where the lush Abbey Gardens on the sheltered southern end of the island contrast with the low heather and bare rock sculpted by the wind on the exposed northern end.

Natural England has designated the Isles of Scilly as National Character Area 158. As part of a 2002 marketing campaign, the plant conservation charity Plantlife chose sea thrift (Armeria maritima) as the “county flower” of the islands.

In 1975 the islands were designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The designation covers the entire archipelago, including the uninhabited islands and rocks, and is the smallest such area in the UK. The islands of Annet and Samson have large terneries and the islands are well populated by seals. The Isles of Scilly are the only British haunt of the Lesser White-toothed Shrew (Crocidura suaveolens), where it is know locally as a “teak” or “teke“.

The islands are famous among birdwatchers for their ability to attract rare birds from all corners of the globe. The peak time of year for this is generally in October when it is not unusual for several of the rarest birds in Europe to share this archipelago. One reason for the success of these islands in producing rarities is the extensive coverage these islands get from birdwatchers, but archipelagos are often favoured by rare birds which like to make landfall and eat there before continuing their journeys and often arrive on far flung islands first.

 

 

Tidal influx

 

The tidal range at the Isles of Scilly is high for an open sea location; the maximum for St Mary’s is 5.99 m (19.7 ft). Additionally, the inter-island waters are mostly shallow, which at “spring tides” allows for dry land walking between several of the islands. Many of the northern islands can be reached from Tresco, including Bryher, Samson and St Martin’s (requires very low tides). From St Martin’s White Island, Little Ganilly and Great Arthur are reachable. Although the sound between St Mary’s and Tresco, The Road, is fairly shallow, it never becomes totally dry – but according to some sources it should be possible to wade at extreme low tides. Around St Mary’s several minor islands become accessible, including Taylor’s Island on the west coast and Tolls Island on the east coast. From Saint Agnes, Gugh becomes accessible at each low tide, via a tombolo.

 

 

 

Climate

The Isles of Scilly has a temperate Oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), and has one of the mildest climates in the United Kingdom. The average annual temperature is 11.8 °C (53.2 °F) in comparison to London, where it is 11.6 °C (52.9 °F). Winters are among the warmest in the country due to the moderating effects of the ocean, and despite being on exactly the same latitude as Winnipeg in Canada, snow and frost are extremely rare. Summers are not as warm as on the mainland. The Scilly Isles are one of the sunniest areas in the southwest with on average 6.9 hours per day in June. The lowest temperature ever recorded was −7.2 °C (19.0 °F) on 13 January 1987 and the highest was 27.8 °C (82.0 °F). The maximum snowfall was 23 cm (9 in) on 12 January 1987. It has never recorded a temperature below freezing between May and November.

 

 

 

Geology

 

Geological map of western Cornwall, with the Isles of Scilly (author: Page, William, 1906).
Geological map of western Cornwall, with the Isles of Scilly (author: Page, William, 1906).

 

 

All the islands of Scilly are all composed of granite rock of early Permian age, an exposed part of the Cornubian batholith. The Irish Sea Glacier terminated just to the north of the Isles of Scilly during the last Ice Age.

 

 

 

 

Government

 

St Mary's Church at Hugh Town, on St Mary's Island, Isles of Scilly, Cornwall, England. The flag is the Scillonian Cross of the Isles of Scilly (author: Timothy Titus, 2015).
St Mary’s Church at Hugh Town, on St Mary’s Island, Isles of Scilly, Cornwall, England. The flag is the Scillonian Cross of the Isles of Scilly (author: Timothy Titus, 2015).

Saint Piran’s Cross, the flag of Cornwall. The Isles of Scilly were one of the Hundreds of Cornwall, and although they have been administratively separate since 1890, they are still part of the ceremonial county of Cornwall.

 

 

 

The Hugh Town

 

The Hugh Town, view from Buzza Hill, across the isthmus town, towards The Garrison (author: Chris Downer, 2006).
The Hugh Town, view from Buzza Hill, across the isthmus town, towards The Garrison (author: Chris Downer, 2006).

Hugh Town (Cornish: Tre Huw) is the largest settlement on the Isles of Scilly and its administrative centre. The town is situated on the island of St Mary’s, the largest and most populous island in the archipelago, and is located on a narrow isthmus which joins the peninsula known as the Garrison (historically the Hugh) with the rest of the island.

 

A Photocrom picture of Hugh Town, circa 1900. This was the view from The Garrison, with Buzza Hill prominent on the other end of the town (source: Library of Congress, PD-US).
A Photocrom picture of Hugh Town, circa 1900. This was the view from The Garrison, with Buzza Hill prominent on the other end of the town (source: Library of Congress, PD-US).

 

The population recorded by the 2011 census was 1,097 (up from 1,068 in 2001). Unlike the rest of the Isles of Scilly, the freehold title to land in the town is not held by the Duchy of Cornwall — in 1949 it had been sold to the inhabitants. The harbour however continues to be owned and run by the Duchy.

Hugh Town becomes particularly busy during the May Day bank holiday weekend (ie the first weekend in May) when the World Pilot Gig Championships are held. The competing teams base themselves in the several bays of St Mary’s Pool (the large natural bay to the north of Hugh Town) and the numerous races finish at the end of the harbour quay.

 

The Scillonian III berthed at the (former Rat Island) end of the quay (author: Tony Atkin, 2008).
The Scillonian III berthed at the (former Rat Island) end of the quay (author: Tony Atkin, 2008).

 

 

National government

 

Politically, the islands are part of England, one of the four countries of the United Kingdom. They are represented in the UK Parliament as part of the St Ives constituency. As part of the United Kingdom, the islands are part of the European Union and are represented in the European Parliament as part of the multi-member South West England constituency.

 

 

Local government

 

Historically, the Isles of Scilly were administered as one of the hundreds of Cornwall, although the Cornwall quarter sessions had limited jurisdiction there. For judicial purposes, shrievalty purposes, and lieutenancy purposes, the Isles of Scilly are “deemed to form part of the county of Cornwall”.  The archipelago is part of the Duchy of Cornwall – the duchy owns the freehold of most of the land on the islands and the duke exercises certain formal rights and privileges across the territory, as he does in Cornwall proper.

The Local Government Act 1888 allowed the Local Government Board to establish in the Isles of Scilly “councils and other local authorities separate from those of the county of Cornwall”… “for the application to the islands of any act touching local government.” Accordingly, in 1890 the Isles of Scilly Rural District Council (the RDC) was formed as a sui generis unitary authority, outside the administrative county of Cornwall. Cornwall County Council provided some services to the Isles, for which the RDC made financial contributions. The Isles of Scilly Order 1930 granted the Council the “powers, duties and liabilities” of a county council. Section 265 of the Local Government Act 1972 allowed for the continued existence of the RDC, but renamed as the Council of the Isles of Scilly.

This unusual status also means that much administrative law (for example relating to the functions of local authorities, the health service and other public bodies) that applies in the rest of England applies in modified form in the islands.

The Council of the Isles of Scilly is a separate authority to the Cornwall Council unitary authority, and as such the islands are not part of the administrative county of Cornwall. However the islands are still considered to be part of the ceremonial county of Cornwall.

With a total population of just over 2,000, the Council represents fewer inhabitants than many English parish councils, and is by far the smallest English unitary council. As of 2015, 130 people are employed full-time by the Council to provide local services (including water supply and air traffic control). These numbers are significant, in that almost ten per cent of the adult population of the islands is directly linked to the Council, as an employee or a councillor.

The Council consists of 21 elected councillors — 13 of which are returned by the ward of St Mary’s, and 2 from each of four “off-island” wards (St Martin’s, St Agnes, Bryher, and Tresco). The latest elections took place on 2 May 2013; all twenty elected were independents (one seat remained vacant).

The Council is headquartered at Town Hall, by The Parade park in Hugh Town, and also performs the administrative functions of the AONB Partnership and the Inshore Fisheries and Conservation Authority.

Some aspects of local government are shared with Cornwall, including health, and the Council of the Isles of Scilly together with Cornwall Council form a Local Enterprise Partnership. In July 2015 a devolution deal was announced by the government under which Cornwall Council and the Council of the Isles of Scilly are to create a plan to bring health and social care services together under local control. The Local Enterprise Partnership is also to be bolstered.

 

 

 

Flags

 

The Scillonian Cross flying above St Mary’s Church in Hugh Town.

Two flags are used to represent Scilly:

  • The flag of the Council of the Isles of Scilly, which incorporates the Council’s logo.
  • The unofficial Scillonian Cross, selected by readers of Scilly News in a 2002 vote.

An adapted version of the old Board of Ordnance flag has also been used, after it was left behind when munitions were removed from the isles. The Cornish Ensign has also been used.

 

 

Emergency services

 

The Isles of Scilly form part of the Devon and Cornwall Police force area. There is a police station in Hugh Town.

The Cornwall Air Ambulance helicopter provides cover to the islands.

The islands have their own independent fire brigade – the Isles of Scilly Fire and Rescue Service – which is staffed entirely by retained fire fighters on all the inhabited islands.

 

 

 

Education

 

Education is available on the islands up to age 16. There is one school, the Five Islands School, which provides primary schooling at sites on St Agnes, St Mary’s, St Martin’s and Tresco, and secondary schooling at a site on St Mary’s. Secondary students from outside St Mary’s live at a school boarding house (Mundesley House) during the week. In 2004, 92.9% of pupils (26 out of 28) achieved five or more GCSEs at grade C and above, compared to the English average of 53.7%. Sixteen- to eighteen-year-olds are entitled to a free sixth form place at a state school or sixth form college on the mainland, and are provided with free flights and a grant towards accommodation. Post eighteen, suitably qualified students attend universities and colleges on the mainland.

 

 

 

 

 

Economy

Historical context

 

Since the mid-eighteenth century the Scillonian economy has relied on trade with the mainland and beyond as a means of sustaining its population. Over the years the nature of this trade has varied, due to wider economic and political factors that have seen the rise and fall of industries such as kelp harvesting, pilotage, smuggling, fishing, shipbuilding and, latterly, flower farming. In a 1987 study of the Scillonian economy, Neate found that many farms on the islands were struggling to remain profitable due to increasing costs and strong competition from overseas producers, with resulting diversification into tourism. Recent statistics suggest that agriculture on the islands now represents less than 2 percent of all employment.

 

 

Tourism

 

 

The Daymark (daylight version of a lighthouse) on St Martins, the nearest point to the mainland of Cornwall (author: Roantrum, 2005).
The Daymark (daylight version of a lighthouse) on St Martins, the nearest point to the mainland of Cornwall (author: Roantrum, 2005).

Today, tourism is estimated to account for 85 per cent of the islands’ income. The islands have been successful in attracting this investment due to their special environment, favourable summer climate, relaxed culture, efficient co-ordination of tourism providers and good transport links by sea and air to the mainland, uncommon in scale to similar-sized island communities. The majority of visitors stay on St Mary’s, which has a concentration of holiday accommodation and other amenities. Of the other inhabited islands, Tresco is run as a timeshare resort, and is consequently the most obviously tourist-oriented. Bryher and St Martin’s are more unspoilt, although each has a hotel and other accommodation. St Agnes has no hotel and is the least-developed of the inhabited islands.

Tresco Abbey Gardens are located on the island of Tresco in the Isles of Scilly, United Kingdom. The 17 acre gardens were established by the nineteenth-century proprietor of the islands, Augustus Smith, originally as a private garden within the grounds of the home he designed and built. The gardens are designated at Grade I in the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.

 

Tresco Abbey Gardens (author; Andrewrabbott, 2007).
Tresco Abbey Gardens (author; Andrewrabbott, 2007).

 

The islands’ economy is highly dependent on tourism, even by the standards of other island communities. “The concentration [on] a small number of sectors is typical of most similarly sized UK island communities. However, it is the degree of concentration, which is distinctive along with the overall importance of tourism within the economy as a whole and the very limited manufacturing base that stands out.”

Tourism is also a highly seasonal industry owing to its reliance on outdoor recreation, and the lower number of tourists in winter results in a significant constriction of the islands’ commercial activities. However, the tourist season benefits from an extended period of business in October when many birdwatchers (“birders”) arrive.

Mousehole Harbour (author: Keith Moffatt, 2006).
Mousehole Harbour (author: Keith Moffatt, 2006).

 

Mousehole (/ˈmzəl/; Cornish: Porthenys) is a village and fishing port in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated about 2.5 miles (4 km) south of Penzance on the shore of Mount’s Bay.

The village is in the civil parish of Penzance. An islet called St Clement’s Isle lies about 350 metres (380 yd) offshore from the harbour entrance.

Mousehole lies within the Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Almost a third of Cornwall has AONB designation, with the same status and protection as a National Park.

 

 

 

Ornithology

 

 

Because of its position, Scilly is the first landing for many migrant birds, including extreme rarities from North America and Siberia. Scilly is situated far into the Atlantic Ocean, so many American vagrant birds will make first European landfall in the archipelago.

Scilly is responsible for many firsts for Britain, and is particularly good at producing vagrant American passerines. If an extremely rare bird turns up, the island will see a significant increase in numbers of birders. This type of birding, chasing after rare birds, is called “twitching“.

The islands are home to ornithologist Will Wagstaff.

 

 

Employment

 

The predominance of tourism means that “tourism is by far the main sector throughout each of the individual islands, in terms of employment… [and] this is much greater than other remote and rural areas in the United Kingdom”. Tourism accounts for approximately 63 per cent of all employment.

Businesses dependent on tourism, with the exception of a few hotels, tend to be small enterprises typically employing fewer than four people; many of these are family run, suggesting an entrepreneurial culture among the local population. However, much of the work generated by this, with the exception of management, is low skilled and thus poorly paid, especially for those involved in cleaning, catering and retail.

Because of the seasonality of tourism, many jobs on the islands are seasonal and part-time, so work cannot be guaranteed throughout the year. Some islanders take up other temporary jobs ‘out of season’ to compensate for this. Due to a lack of local casual labour at peak holiday times, many of the larger employers accommodate guest workers, who come to the islands for the summer to have a ‘working holiday’.

 

 

 

Taxation

 

The islands were not subject to Income Tax until 1954, and there was no motor vehicle excise duty levied until 1971.

 

 

Transport

 

RMV Scillonian III, unloading cargo at St Mary's harbour on a sunny afternoon (author: Austin Donnelly, 2011).
RMV Scillonian III, unloading cargo at St Mary’s harbour on a sunny afternoon (author: Austin Donnelly, 2011).

St Mary’s is the only island with a significant road network and the only island with public highways; in 2005 there were 619 registered vehicles on the island. The island also has taxis and a tour bus. Vehicles on the islands are exempt from annual MOT tests. Roads and streets across Scilly have very few signs or markings, and route numbers (of the three A roads on St Mary’s) are not marked at all.

Air access to the islands is via St Mary’s Airport. Fixed-wing aircraft services, operated by Isles of Scilly Skybus, operate from Land’s End, Newquay and Exeter. The scheduled helicopter service, which previously linked Penzance Heliport with St Mary’s Airport and Tresco Heliport, ceased at the end of October 2012; Tresco Heliport is now closed to scheduled services.

 

A panoramic view of Penzance harbour in Cornwall, England (author: Mark Twyning, 2006).
A panoramic view of Penzance harbour in Cornwall, England (author: Mark Twyning, 2006).

 

 

By sea, the Isles of Scilly Steamship Company provides a passenger and cargo service from Penzance to St Mary’s, which is currently operated by the Scillonian III passenger ferry, supported by the Gry Maritha cargo vessel. The other islands are linked to St. Mary’s by a network of inter-island launches.  St Mary’s Harbour is the principal harbour of the Isles of Scilly, and is located in Hugh Town.

 

The old lifeboat station and slipway at Penlee Point, Mousehole, Cornwall. Viewed from the north (author: Geof Sheppard, 2010).
The old lifeboat station and slipway at Penlee Point, Mousehole, Cornwall. Viewed from the north (author: Geof Sheppard, 2010).

 

 

 

 

Tenure

 

The freehold land of the islands is the property of the Duchy of Cornwall (except for Hugh Town on St Mary’s, which was sold to the inhabitants in 1949). The duchy also holds 3,921 acres (16 km2) as duchy property, part of the duchy’s landholding. All the uninhabited islands, islets and rocks and much of the untenanted land on the inhabited islands is managed by the Isles of Scilly Wildlife Trust, which leases these lands from the Duchy for the rent of one daffodil per year. The Trust currently has four full-time salaried staff and twelve trustees, who are all residents of the Isles. The full Trust Board is responsible for policy whilst a Management Team is responsible for day-to-day administration. Its small income and the small number of staff have led to the Trust adopting a policy of recruiting volunteers to help it carry out its extensive work programme. While volunteers of all ages are welcome, most are young people who are studying for qualifications in related fields, such as conservation and land management.

Limited housing availability is a contentious yet critical issue for the Isles of Scilly, especially as it affects the feasibility of residency on the islands. Few properties are privately owned, with many units being let by the Duchy of Cornwall, the Council, and a few by housing associations. The management of these subsequently affects the possibility of residency on the islands.

Housing demand outstrips supply; a problem compounded by restrictions on further development designed to protect the islands’ unique environment and prevent the infrastructural carrying capacity from being exceeded. This has pushed up the prices of the few private properties that become available and, significantly for the majority of the islands’ populations, it has also affects the rental sector where rates have likewise drastically increased.

High housing costs pose significant problems for the local population, especially as local incomes (in Cornwall) are only 70% of the national average, whilst house prices are almost £5,000 higher than the national average. This in turn affects the retention of ‘key workers’ and the younger generation, which consequently affects the viability of schools and other essential community services.

The limited access to housing provokes strong local politics. It is often assumed that tourism is to blame for this, attracting newcomers to the area who can afford to outbid locals for available housing. Many buildings are used for tourist accommodation which reduces the number available for local residents. Second homes are also thought to account for a significant proportion of the housing stock, leaving many buildings empty for much of the year.

 

 

 

Culture

People

According to the 2001 UK census, 97% of the population of the islands are white British, with nearly 93% of the inhabitants born in the islands, in mainland Cornwall or elsewhere in England. Since EU enlargement in 2004, a number of eastern Europeans have moved to the island, joining the Australians, New Zealanders and South Africans who traditionally made up most of the islands’ overseas workers. By 2005, their numbers were estimated at nearly 100 out of a total population of just over 2,000. This has been called ‘the land that crime forgot’.

Sport

 

One continuing legacy of the isles’ past is gig racing, wherein fast rowing boats (“gigs”) with crews of six (or in one case, seven) race between the main islands. Gig racing has been said to derive from the race to collect salvage from shipwrecks on the rocks around Scilly, but the race was actually to deliver a pilot onto incoming vessels, to guide them through the hazardous reefs and shallows. (The boats are correctly termed “pilot gigs”). The World Pilot Gig Championships are held annually over the May Day bank holiday weekend. The event originally involved crews from the Islands and a few crews from Cornwall, but in the intervening years the number of gigs attending has increased, with crews coming from all over the South-West and further afield.

The Isles of Scilly feature what is reportedly the smallest football league in the world, the Isles of Scilly Football League. The league’s two clubs, Woolpack Wanderers and Garrison Gunners, play each other seventeen times each season and compete for two cups and for the league title. The league was a launching pad for the Adidas “Dream Big” Campaign in which a number of famous professional footballers (including David Beckham) arrive on the island to coach the local children’s side. The two share a ground, Garrison Field, but travel to the mainland for part of the year to play other non-professional clubs.

In December 2006, Sport England published a survey which revealed that residents of the Isles of Scilly were the most active in England in sports and other fitness activities. 32% of the population participate at least 3 times per week for 30 minutes or more.

There is a golf club with a 9-hole course (each with two tees) situated on the island of St Mary’s, near Porthloo and Telegraph. The club was founded in 1904 and is open to visitors.

Media

 

The islands are served by a radio and television transmitter at Telegraph, on St Mary’s, which is a relay of the main transmitter at Redruth (Cornwall) and broadcasts BBC Radio 1, 2, 3, 4 and BBC Radio Cornwall and the range of Freeview television and BBC radio channels known as ‘Freeview Light’. Radio Scilly, a community radio station, was launched in September 2007.

There is no local newspaper; Scilly Now & Then is a free community magazine produced 8 times a year and is available to mainland subscribers while The Scillonian is published twice yearly and reports matters of local interest. There is an active news forum on the news and information websites scillytoday.com and thisisscilly.com.

Internet access is available on all the inhabited islands; a maximum ADSL speed of 8Mbit/s is available.

The Isles of Scilly were featured on the TV programme Seven Natural Wonders as one of the wonders of South West England. Since 2007 the islands have featured in the BBC series An Island Parish, following various real-life stories and featuring in particular the newly appointed Chaplain to the Isles of Scilly. A 12-part series was filmed in 2007 and first broadcast on BBC2 in January 2008. After Reverend David Easton left the islands in 2009, the series continued under the same name but focused elsewhere.

 

 

 

Novels

 

The heroine of Walter Besant‘s novel Armorel of Lyonesse came from Samson, and about half the action of the novel takes place in the Isles of Scilly.

The events of Nevil Shute‘s novel Marazan occur, in part, around these islands.

Five children’s books written by Michael Morpurgo, Why the Whales Came, The Sleeping Sword, The Wreck of the Zanzibar, Arthur, High King of Britain and Listen to the Moon are set around the Isles of Scilly.

The Riddle of Samson, a novel by Andrew Garve (a pen name of Paul Winterton) is set mainly around the Isles of Scilly.

In Jacob’s Room, by Virginia Woolf, the hero and a friend of his sail around the islands.

Song

 

Scilly is mentioned in the traditional British naval song “Spanish Ladies“.

 

 

 

St Mary's Lifeboat Station (author: Tony Atkin, 2008).
St Mary’s Lifeboat Station (author: Tony Atkin, 2008).

 

 

 

 


Source :

https://en.wikipedia.org

 


 

984 thoughts on “Isles of Scilly, England

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  56. Todaу, I ωent to the bеach front withmy kidѕ. I found a sea shell and gаve itto my 4 yeаr old daughter аnԁ saiԁ “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put thе shellto her eаr and ѕсгeamed. Thеre was ahermit crab inѕide and іt pinched her ear.Shе never wantѕ to go back! LoL I know this іs еntігely off topic but I hаd totell ѕomеone!

  57. seb dit :Ce que j’aime pas trop, c’est que toutes les icônes sont différentes.. Ca manque d’homogénéité. (ceci dit, c’est déjà le cas aujourd’hui si on garde les thèmes classiques).Ha la police, bof bof… mais je suppose que ca changera par la suite ^^

  58. that Ulleungdo can be seen from Korean peninsula in “輿地勝覧書”1481å¹´ – 「東国輿地勝覧」巻の45”蔚珍縣 于山島(=鬱陵島?) 鬱陵島(=鬱陵島/竹嶼?)  一云武陵 一云羽陵 二島在県正東海中 三峯及業掌空 南峯梢卑 風日清明則峯頭樹木 及山根沙渚 歴々可見 風便則二日可到 一説干山 鬱陵 本一島”1530å¹´ – 「新増東国輿地勝覧」”蔚珍縣 于山島(=鬱陵島?) 鬱陵島(=鬱陵島/竹嶼?) 一云武陵 一云羽陵 二島在県正東海中 三峯及業掌空 南峯梢卑 風日清明則峯頭樹木 及山根沙渚 歴々可見 風便則二日可到 一説干山 欝陵 本一島 地方百里” 1694å¹´ – 粛宗實録 20å¹´8月13日朝鮮国礼曹参判李番、奉復日本国対馬大守平公閣下、槎使鼎来、恵□随至、良用慰荷弊邦江原道蔚珍県有属島、名曰蔚陵(=鬱陵島)、在本県東海中、而風濤危険、船路無便、故中年移其民空其地、而時遣公差往来捜検矣、本島峰巒樹木、自陸地歴々望見、而凡其山川紆曲、地形濶狭、民居遺址、土物所産、倶戴於我国輿地勝覧書、歴代相伝、事跡昭然、今者我国辺海漁氓往其島、而不意貴国之人自為犯越、与之相値、反拘執二氓、転到江戸、幸蒙貴国大名明察事情、優加資此、可見交隣之情於尋常、欽□高義、感激何事、然雖我氓漁採之地、本是蔚陵島(=鬱陵島)、而以其産竹、或称竹嶼(=鬱陵島)、此之一島而二名也、一島二名之状、非徒我国書籍之所記、貴州人亦皆知之、而今此来書中、乃以竹島為貴国地方欲令我国禁止漁船更往、而不論貴国人侵渉我境、拘執我氓之夫、豈不有欠於誠信之道乎、深望将此辞意転報東武、申飭貴国辺海之人、無令往来蔚陵島、更致事端惹起、其於相好之誼不勝幸甚、佳領謝、薄物侑緘、統惟照亮、不宣

  59. i say we support immigration of grizzly bears from canada. bears have 2/5 of the skills required for success in the world, as defined by the eminent tyler cownen. i’m sure the bears could pick up the other skills within a few generations. plus, bears are woefully under-represented in America despite the fact that they were the original inhabitants. they live in marginalized federal preserves and it just isn’t fair.

  60. sorry for this comment but i have lost all my contact from iphone3gs running ios4.1 jailbreaked, i have windows 7 is there by anychance a way to retrieve those contacts “for dummies”?? (it is verry important) i’m far from being a genius in computer science….thank you in advance for your ur time… even if there is no way to, but at least i would have tried

  61. Very good write-up, I are standard site visitor of one? utes internet site, maintain within the great function, also it? utes gonna be described as a normal internet site visitor for decades.? The thoughts tend not to really blossom straight into fruition until we’ve got indicated the actual crooks to a new person.? through Label Twain.

  62. Like cabacurl above me, I also have friends with these single-minded conservative views. But they don’t scare me, they anger me. I wrote about a couple of those opinions actually. The people must rise up against things like this.

  63. Hmm it seems like your blog ate my first comment (it was super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I had written and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I as well am an aspiring blog writer but I’m still new to everything. Do you have any helpful hints for rookie blog writers? I’d certainly appreciate it.

  64. Yep, confirmed to happen if your character enters a relation with Alistair, too. In my case, it was Wynne who lectured my char. Although she did not tell me to drop him, just to let feelings out of the way until the mission was over.

  65. I’ve just discovered your blog after seeing Rachael Ray (we’re slightly behind here in the UK) and apart from calling the CrockPot a slow cooker I’m loving the ideas. Tomorrow Rosisterie Chicken, tonight Jacket Potatoes… Saturday, the world (or possibly stock!)

  66. Skrg mungkin memang lagi eranya Lipsync. Cuman modal pede, trus ada kamera trus upload ke yutube terkenal dech. Udahlah, gak perlu pake audisi2an. cuman nampang di youtube kalah dech artis2 yg dari ajang pencari bakat…

  67. 222Ok, after my last post, scrolled down and found a reference to this pub , a PDF called “Medical Standards for Appointment, Enlistment or Induction in the Military Services”. (I couldn’t link to it in this reply, so Google it). It lists all the disqualifying medical conditions, and under the “Heart” chapter (Section 12, para r.), it notes that recurring syncope or presyncope is disqualifying unless no recurrence for 2 years while off all meds. Bad news, but it is what it is.

  68. Great blog Sonia, enjoying reading up about the adventures of Noah and baby bump. Good luck with the birth – I have a 11month old and am 30weeks pregnant with number 2 and there’s been so much I can totally relate to in my own pregnancy and with my little boy.

  69. Sigh, che bello il C64. Ne ho ancora 2, montati e perfettamente funzionanti nel mio salotto, collegati in rete con un portatile per ascoltare i SID dalla vera macchina: veramente una goduria! E quelle musiche, quelle splendide musiche, animano ancora le serate di bagordi coi miei amici smanettoni. Ma probabilmente io e i miei amici non siamo proprio a posto se arriviamo a tanto :-)Pape

  70. Eu nu am miros de ani buni, decat ocazional. Vine si dispare cum a venit. Am abuzat de picaturi nazale si acum suport consecintele. Oricum, in momentele cand imi revine mirosul dupa saptamani intregi cand nu am simtit nimic e ca o explozie! Si mie imi provoaca greata usor unele parfumuri.

  71. I can’t believe Carino called me a bloviatah–that’s not much love from a fellow paisan. I still don’t undehstand, Carino, why you have a blog devoted to basketball all year. Don’t you know basketball only mattahs from around March 16 to April 5? That’s the only time I follow it.Uhhhh, Eddie, look up how many hits Carino gets with that blog of his. . . Heeeere’s the Mink Man.

  72. preci som Mary-Laure gjorde jag Chagall-kopplingen. Och ̦verg̴ngen r̦dh̴rig kvinna, kyrckf̦rsedd h̦gklackad kvinna och din mamma Рvar ju underbar. Trevlig helg!

  73. Who is without scandal? If someone is ‘without scandal’ in the Body of Christ, then are they saved? We were all sinners in need of a Saviour. Instead, those ‘without scandal’ have secured a place with organized religion looking for the accolades of man instead of the One that died for them. Restoration can only come from Him, not man….Thank GOD.

  74. Astro du kannst es nicht lassen oder? 😈 Ich habe aber das Buch phpMyAdmin kompakt bekommen und ich finde es schon hilfreich Btw … ich hab dich jetzt mal am frühen Mittag in der Nähe des Postplatzes an der Ampel stehen sehn …

  75. I have seen lots of anti-global warming videos (either by or supporting leading authorities in this area (even people high up in greenpeace dont support human-caused global warming)) and if you go back millions of years we are actually a lot colder than the earth has been, the temperature tends to go Warm, then Ice Age, than warm then ice age (note these changes happen over many years). Al Gore is just trying to get votes by pretending to care.

  76. Now that the banks are allowed to lie about what their toxic assets are worth, they’ll never sell them (because if they did they would have to write them down).In foreclosure REO,bank write off losses.What they don’t write off is mark to market value of assets(homes)that went down in price,wich they dont know actual value that can go up in value in the future.They mark assets that are not on their posession anymore.That they know the value how much they own the asset and sold it for.

  77. Продам очередь в СПб на Polo седан (тёмно серый) цена авто 429т.рВнесён залог 10т.р + 15 хочу за очередь (возможен торг)8 905 288 44 00 Иван

  78. And where do all the fake scam emails come from ?Diane Sawyer of 60 minutes did a report on this subject a couple of years ago, the country is, Nigeria.What a surprise !   7 likes

  79. It is likely it is analog only.Short of looking in the manual, I have a few methods that are a good indicator.1. The original remote has a button marked with a single dot or dash. An analog only TV may have one labeled –/—. It is not that one.2. The set has a digital audio out, and mentions Dolby Digital or licensing by Dolby Labs.3. It is marked ATSC or Digital somewhere.4. The channel scan menu shows digital channels scanning.Some sets may have separate digital and analog tuner inputs. Was this answer helpful?

  80. Vocês já passaram com as crianças em um Drive-Thru? E depois de semanas vocês mandam o carro pra lavar (ou lavam em casa mesmo) e concontram aquelas batatas e restos de hamburguer?Então reparem que esses restos tem a mesma aparência de quando foram comprados, não importa o tempo que se passe. E eu estou falando de um ambiente como um carro, imagina ela que guardou o lanche em um pote. Eu acredito!

  81. This reminds me of something!–1775 (or so) –BRITISH: lol hay colonies give us all ur taxesCOLONIES: okay but give us representation in govtBRITISH: U DONT GET A SAY. U DONT GET A SAY.(colonies resist and create AMERICA)BRITISH: (crying) George Washington is FAT and lives in his mum’s BASEMENTExaggerated for emphasis. Also historically incorrect.

  82. I understand the position that nothing will destroy us, that nothing can destroy us, that we are all predestined to glory, and of that I can say, I hope it's right, but I don't have confidence that it is soWell rick, I'll just hold onto that confidence for you then, oh ye of little faith. ;-/Seriously though, I really cannot make sense of a faith where God is less than one's hopes. Does.Not.Compute.

  83. extremely fascinating data…I trust that’s in regards to the such considerably substantial data separately. At the very same time when i will be glad studying your individual special post. But need to be able to remark upon a quantity of common questions, The defined site style …

  84. TO. IFRAXabaayo hadalkaada dacwaan ka qabaa aniga kenya ayaan joogay 9sano intii la soo qaxoo idil hadaad adigu afsoomaali ku baratay oo leedahay waxaan ka imaaday muqdisho,afka reer waqooyigaana ku soo bartay.ana waxaan leeyahay intaan joogay nairobi afsoomaaligii ayaaba iga lumay.igamana dacaayad waa iga dhab.U codee: 2  1

  85. Det är det väl inte alls? Man skriver in lon. och lat. samt datum sedan har man allt färdigt, tar knappt 5 minuter, sedan när man kan det tar det ännu mindre tid. Som muslim bör man väl kunna räkna ut själv tiderna för bönen, och speciellt om någon påpekar att det finns felaktiga tider, som på den sidan.

  86. What’s up, I have to appreciate a new autor to the web property. Practically all is clear together with worthwhile. The look may well also be impressive for my part. Do you please be sure to phon my vision currently format you take advantage of? thank-you ever again and so proceed with the truly amazing employment.

  87. Overloading your followers with more tweets that is necessary is a fast way to lose followers. But on the other side, not twitting often enough can make your followers feel that you are inactive and you don’t want to interact with them.Diana

  88. Crista, simply amazing. I wish we had had a wedding photographer like you when we were married over 40 years ago. The way you come up with such unique ideas for the pictures – like the one with the rings. Loved every picture and love you xoxo

  89. emre1 diyor ki:Merhabalar Havva Hanım pazar günü kargo teslimi yapılmıyor malesef onun dışında arzu ettiğiniz şekilde kitabınızı hazırlayıp gönderebililiriz.Renkli resimlerin tanesini 50 kuruştan kullanıyoruz 10 resim için sadece 5 tl fazladan ücret alınır bu kadar.Bu özel günlerinizi ve hangi gün için yaptırıyorsanız sipariş formunun mesaj kısmında belirtiniz lütfen hoşçakalın

  90. 29eI truly wanted to post a comment in order to express gratitude to you for some of the marvelous concepts you are posting at this site. My extensive internet look up has at the end been rewarded with awesome information to talk about with my friends. I would assert that we site visitors are undeniably fortunate to dwell in a perfect site with very many outstanding people with useful secrets. I feel very much blessed to have discovered the website page and look forward to really more fun times reading here. Thanks a lot again for everything.

  91. Daniel, just so you know, and as a way to offer antidote to the mean-spirited, useless dribble leaking from the poison pen of Undulating Arrow – you rock, son! Glad you took the time and effort to find an internet connection to share with us. I'm sure I am not alone praying that you and all effected by this catastrophe will gain more from this than was lost.

  92. " Some firefighters have sought the enhanced benefit after filling in for a superior for just one day, leading critics to call it the “king-for-a-day’’ provision."Firefighters are understanably a tight knit group. I would guess that everyone at the station has the assured opportunity to fill-in for a superior early in their career. Taxpayers would seem assured to be paying for many royal pensions.BTW, I think first responders should be well paid and insured, but not assured richness via pensions.

  93. This is a general, simplified explanation of how capsaicin? may alleviate cluster headaches (trigeminal neuralgia and migraine sufferers as well) that misses ‘why’ capsaicin works. Its ability is two-fold. High doses of capsaicin (found in extreme specialty hot sauces, or Habanero peppers), when consumed, trick the body into thinking it is badly hurt and consequently a flood of painkilling endorphins is released. What’s more, capsaicin disrupts nerve terminals? responsible for pain.

  94. Yes I did see that…And don’t forget that freekick from Rooney last season where Rosicky was in the wall and didn’t even turn to see what had happened and casually started walking to the centre circle…disgraceful that he should be anywhere near an Arsenal shirt.

  95. Jgn la nak salahkan sesiapa sbb dah terbukti pemandu di Malaysia ni memang majority la pentingkan diri sendiri…memandu mcm jalanraya tu bapak dia yang punye..kalau tidak masakan baru2 ni dlm akhbar telah dilaporkan bhw Malaysia sudah ternobat sebagai negara teratas dalam jumlah bilangan kemalangan maut di dunia…DI DUNIA! Al-Fatihah utk semua mangsa korban…kesian mereka kehilangan nyawa disbbkan kerakusan dan kebodohan manusia sendiri.

  96. > Pierre Lambert :si le « redoublement anticipé » que vous invoquez ne relève pas de la blague, il existe un remède infaillible au Syndrome de Lambert :affichez le panneau de configuration et faites un double-clic sur Clavier, faites glisser les curseurs sous Répétitions des caractères vers l’extrême gauche sur lent et fermez la fenêtre par Appliquer et OK ; vous serez étonné du résultat.Un stakhanoviste du clavier.

  97. I’ve seen cruiser commercials with more lean in them. Maybe Honda and/or the ad agency seem to think they should aim this bike at the guys who would buy cruisers if it weren’t for the social categorization that involves. (Probably a factor in Europe.) ‘Cause that’s the impression. Just hop on the bike and go out for a Sunday cruise to pick up the mistress. Burning up the mountain roads? Reducing the chicken strips to a mere memory? nah….Maybe they’ll do a tie-in with Old Spice…

  98. A certain website goes into detail about the what it regards as the multiple masculine characteristics of top models, Victorias Secret models for example. Tanning might not be a way of presenting an alternate form of feminine alure, but yet another example of the unfeminine being presented as desirable and fashionable.

  99. How can i extend the range of a Wireless N router? I have an Xtreme N handheld router (Dlink). I have to extend the reach in the wireless signal. I know how to do it for the G signal. I want to know how to do the idea for an N sign. Is it possible make use of regular N routers as repeaters. If so, how to configure them. Thanks for that information.

  100. Tod,There are other suggested reasons for the decline in the age of menarche, particularly imrovements in nutrition and perhaps changes in the ethnic composition of the American population (age of menarche varies with ethnic/racial background).Anon,I suspect the proportion of male homosexuals will decrease from the current level of 3-5% of all men to about 1%, which may have been the historic baseline level. As I stated earlier, there are probably many causes for male homosexuality, although some are undoubtedly more important than others. So there will always be a certain baseline number.

  101. Hola Pedro, los motores estos normalmente no se queman, lo único que se quedan sin aceite y se “atascan” ya que lleva unos pistones y deben de estar bañados en aceite, si no andase no es posible arreglarlo.Puede ser que el en frigo ya no funcione debido a que le falte liquido refrigerante, pero para el compresor no hace falta ese “gas”.Sería cuestión de probar el motor a ver si anda o no. Saludos

  102. Ja bym siÄ™ pogubiÅ‚a z tymi pachoÅ‚kami, kiedy co…podziwiam wiÄ™c za chęć trenowania tego sportu Znajdzie siÄ™ jakiÅ› placyk, tylko poszukać dobrze trzeba…a potem już tylko trenować :>

  103. Kim, just go back to bed and don't get up until right before you apt! I would hate to miss out on my morning coffee…. with milk and splenda! Bless you heart!I was shocked when I saw my bedroom! What a fun surprise!!! Thanks for the sweet shout-out!!!!See you tonight… late. I am out for the evening, but before I go to bed I'll post something. Thanks for joining ON THE MENU MONDAY this week! Great post! I love an easy fresh meal!

  104. I was just looking for info about this when I stumbled on your blog post. I’m simply stopping by to say that I definitely enjoyed reading this post, it’s very clear and well written. Are you thinking of writing more about this? It appears like there is more depth here for later posts.

  105. Hi Maxine – I haven’t read PD James, so I’m not qualified to comment as to whether they could have found a more exemplary author … In saying that, you could easily apply what the reviewer is saying to James Ellroy, Elmore Leonard, George Pelecanos, Ken Bruen, John Connolly, Dec Hughes … the list is virtually endless. And yes, it’s about time they realised what crime fic fans have always known. Glenn, you’re more than welcome, squire. I think what you’re doing over there is terrific … I wish I had your chops. Cheers, Dec

  106. I will miss you (if I go, still praying about it)! I totally understand. I feel like I got so much last year that I have yet to implement. What I applied most from being at Relevant is to put family before blogging (I have not blogged much). We have to do that to honor Him. That is exactly what you are doing. I applaud you. Aside…we should so plan a girls’ overnighter in ALGA to encourage one another.

  107. What a great variety of wonderful pictures! I love the monks and the colorful banners! and those school children! they must love having that break, is that what they are giggling about? Strange about the second son, in most places it's the eldest. Perhaps the eldest is needed at home or to take care of the parents later in life?

  108. Hey Ash..It was hard enough when Tucker, especially, passed away — explaining to my son where he’d gone.He saw us put Tucker in the back of my car to take him to the vets, and he never returned from there. So for about three weeks after that, my son kept saying, “Tucker is in mama’s car.” When we’d go out somewhere, he’d look in the back and ask where Tucker was.It was so sad.

  109. Nice post. I learn something more challenging on different blogs everyday. It will always be stimulating to read content from other writers and practice a little something from their store. I’d prefer to use some with the content on my blog whether you don’t mind. Natually I’ll give you a link on your web blog. Thanks for sharing.

  110. ola!!sto pa para la persona del comentario anterior.si tu dices qee son buenas personas debems creerlo??xk vams si se a dixo claramente q cometian maltratos sera por algo,o no??los jovenes d oi n dia sern malos y retorcidos pero no creo k llegen a esos xtremos…aah x ciert muy buena la pagina y el articulo.felicto a manuel por su trabajo.

  111. Jason – if you look closely at the photo of my table saw, you will notice MDF dust behind the dust port which indicates not all of the dust is being captured.I am contemplating attaching some card board to the dust port in attempts to further direct more dust to the port opening.Just know that my set-up needs some tweaking.Thanks for the comment.

  112. I feel bad for the baby boomers. First their stocks tank, and now their homes are tanking… really what could any baby boomer do to avoid this?It seems the only cure is to work another 5 to 10 years and wait for a real recovery

  113. Hi Kaye! I found your blog from you comment on “createityourself’s blog. I live up in the HIgh desert, so I have some challenges when it comes to gardening. I liked your video, also. Very professionally done!. I tried to comment under your post, but there was no “leave a comment” block. Very nice blog. As Macarthur said- “I shall return..”.EdP.S. If you don’t mind unsolicited advice, you might want to put a “Follow my Blog” block in your sidebar.

  114. You’re right. The risks they take are real and wouldn’t be necessary if some people used common sense.Getting back to another of your points, I definitely have problems finishing a book if the heroine or hero is TSTL. Usually there’s a way to create conflict and obstacles for a protagonist that don’t involve the character doing something blatantly unwise. I just finished a mystery where the heroine has a gun but doesn’t take it with her when she leaves her house, despite several previous attempts on her life. {{eye roll}}

  115. Dzięki za komentarz. AdWords Express raczej nie będzie uzupełnieniem. Przynajmniej jakoś tego nie widzę. To rozwiązanie w obecnym kształcie jest zbyt prymitywne. Ja to widzę jako początek drogi, jako takie intro. No chyba, że jak mówisz ewoluuje, ale wtedy przerodzi się w zwykłe Adwords Choć powiem, że robię teraz kampanię na AdWords Express i jestem zawsze ponad wynikami Bardzo ciekawe.

  116. Precis. Kollegan som gillar flottig mat har sina preferenser sanktionerade från högsta (nåja) ort, likaledes han som bara äter kött, salladsmanikern, etc. Det enda som verkar vara helt uteslutet är att äta lite av varje, den där varierade kosten man fick sig itutad i skolan.

  117. Sly I can’t make head or tail on your last post. Garcon I think you like to argue just to be a troll. Life is a 100% mystery, we know not where we come from, where we are going or why we exist. At best existence is purposeless.

  118. Não adianta espernear Petralhada psicopata!! A Justiça divina tarda mas não falha!A nossa gente de Sampa está calada e vai mostrar que a locomotiva do país não descarrila e não cai no conto de bandidos!SERRA 45Domingo, DIA DA HONRA vamos VOTAR NO SERRA e fazer Justiça.

  119. I’m still as “woo-hoo” about what I do as I was when I worked in a newsroom. I never covered politics, so I don’t necessarily equate being a reporter with covering that beat. I was and continue to be a business reporter who does a lot of service journalism; it might not be as exciting as investigating corruption or crime, but it still plays a role in helping people stay informed. I’ve gone to ONA’s annual conference before and loved it; ONA recently absorbed an independent digital journalism group here in Portland, which is now serving as their local chapter. I’m hoping they hold seminars similar to the one you’re attending here.MichelleMichelle

  120. Zgadzam sie, ze skrocenie bokow to dobra decyzja. Sam mam twarz dosc okragla i dluzsze wlosy na bokach glowy 'pogrubiaja' ten efekt, szczegolnie widoczne jest to po myciu glowy. Sukcesywnie skracalem boki przy kolejnych wizytach u fryzjera i doszedlem do wniosku, ze im krocej tym lepiej. Szybki test dla osob niezdecydowanych to zmoczenie wlosow w okolicach uszu i 'przylizanie' ich z lub bez uzycia srodkow do ukladania wlosow. Efekty sa mocno widoczne i wrecz zaskakujace. Pozdrawiam,dsc.

  121. Hello there! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog. Is it tough to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty quick. I’m thinking about creating my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any tips or suggestions? Thank you

  122. After I initially commented I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get 4 emails with the same comment. There has to be a way you are able to remove me from that service? Thanks!

  123. It needs boldness and good eye you will face a such subject, I believe that him you accomplished with big success…. not faculty, fear, awe, or unknown is hidden behind each hole in each wall. It would be supposed him you dress with the homonym music of Pink Floyd? Because the greys are one from the colours that I love, him I find very good your photograph. It contains big range of nuances of grey.

  124. ah yg bnr msa d hotel…Dari admin:Koreksi untuk sampeyan. Cermati dulu, baru beri komentar. Bukan di hotel, tetapi di Convention Hall Sun City. Pemilihan tempat itu karena alasan-alasan, antara lain: tempat strategis (tengah kabupaten sehingga bisa dijangkau dari utara-selatan-barat-timur) dan tempat representatif (luas sehingga bisa dipartisi menjadi ruang-ruang komisi)

  125. We Aussies have been butting heads with Dr Mahathir for years. To say that he’s anywhere near moderate is a huge wide. He’s one of these sneaky politicians that uses moderate language to promote a totalitarian agenda. He even had his former deputy cum leadership challenger locked up for an alleged homosexual affair; a surprise to everyone including the accused who spent about 5-6 years in jail.I explain why I think there are no moderate Muslims in my essay as part of my 10 Institutions That Ruin The World

  126. The apple app store data includes Ipod users who download apps too so the data is misleadingAndroid does need to look at making paying for apps easier and secure, what happened to the link up with paypal? That would make perfect sense and give android users confidence in purchasing apps.

  127. Hi;I just spent .99 cents on this app for my third generation iPod touch. Unfortunatly after the app was done downloading I went to play the game and it gets to the loading page and closes the app!! I would either like a refund of my money of iTunes credit or for you to fix the application. Thank you

  128. olá pessoal!!!estava entrando em um blog outro dia e vi uma dica muito boa para aumentar a velocidade de seu 3g,é simples:parece estranho porém funciona:pegue uma panela de ferro e coloque o modem dentro.pronto o ferro irá ira aumentar o sinal, e a velocidade!!!!pronto tchauu!!!ahh!!ê pessoal dê uma ajuda para mim entrem nomeu blog e se possível vire membro ou se cadastre via feed::osnetdowns.blogspot.com

  129. Hi I think Scratch looks like a great tool. I've a 4 year old who likes messing about with it, making sprites make noises and move, very simple stuffDid you have a structure/curriclulum that you followed to get the basics across or did you just let them play about with it and learn by trial and error?

  130. kalo CSS menurut saya tidak ngaruh ke struktur langsung bang koben, karena sebagian besar CSS memang hanya digunakan dan dibaca oleh browser. Tahunya search engine adalah struktur dasarnya atau hasil generating dari engine yang dipakai, dan bukan lain adalah HTML-nya, jadi yang penting struktur HTML nya tepat aja . Kalo masalah desain murninya mah memang harus mengalami perubahan terus, biar yang punya and baca gak bosen

  131. What could it even mean that “[some academic subfield] better describes [one group of people] than it does the rest of the population”? It seems to me there’s a category error here. Behavioral economics describes human beings, and the major population used in most experiments is undergraduates at prestigious universities. If the findings of the research are biased in any way, that’s the bias.”The whole article’s a bullseye (if a little bull-in-china-shop) but I liked this bit the most.Thanks James, I’m sure this field of critique will not lack new areas of interest for a lonnnnnng time.

  132. Résumons.Vivre emblogué RdL, y consacrer du temps, c’est préférer Déroulède à Rimbaud, la branlette à la fornication, les salons littéraires aux grands espaces, la querelle à l’amitié, le jus de viande froide à la bonne chère, les effets spéciaux au réel difficile, le délire raisonné aux branlements spontanés du corps. Bises à tous et à toutes. Que dieu vous prenne sous son illusoire protection. Amitiés au dévoué maître de ces lieux saints….Et maintenant…Dégageons, rapido !Rédigé par : JC | le 26 septembre 2012 à 09:31

  133. i heard it was some guys i’m suposed to know that are from brampton, i was also told that one of the guys might have been a singh who cut his hair started to do drugs and what not and might be at turner. I also picked up that the guy that got beat up was black. Why we gota go after them for the real gangsters live south of the border lol. Ow and some people i know where also there when the media showed up lol they just walked around behind the news person lolhow much is this true i dont know but thats all i heard so far

  134. disse:Nice post ! Thanks for, posting on my blog page mate. I shall message you some time. I did not realise that.VA:F [1.9.20_1166]please wait…VA:F [1.9.20_1166](from 0 votes)

  135. Cher Camarade,Oui ! Giscard le Briscard est un homme nostalgique devenu au fil du temps totalement irresponsable. L’auteur du « traité européen » composé d’articles des plus arbracadabrantesques les uns que les autres est aussi intelligent qu’idiot. La preuve ? C’est le même qui donne de la salade à sa tortue posée sur son bureau du Préasidium de la Convention européenne portant son nom et se convainc qu’il paraphrase de La Fontaine…Debré à côté c’est l’Einstein du perchoir !

  136. 93% of the population voted NO and the PTB response is “we will find a way around this hurdle” It is pretty clear the decision has been made and the people of Iceland will just have to bend over and take it like a slave …. (or topple the governemnt) They offered the chance to let the people think they were having a say but because the people gave the wrong answer the veil of democracy will be lifted while they proceed as planned against the wishes of 93% of the constituents.

  137. Achei phoda!Pensei que iam fazer meio que um cast de catarse com os esquisitos que nos rodeiam. Mas ai vocês começaram se trolando uns aos outros e depois comentaram das bizarrices que se pode encontrar pelo mundo a fora.Ótimo cast trilha digna de gramy e o melhor, vocês não colocaram “Cara Estranho” dos Los Hermanos, que particularmente não curto!

  138. Je ne connaissais pas Antonin mais en voyant sa photo, on a l’impression de le connaître un peu ou en tout cas on aurait aimé le connaître…Je souhaite plein de réconfort et j’envoie mes meilleures pensées à ses parents et à ses proches pour qu’ils arrivent avec le temps à surmonter cette épreuve ;Que Dieu vous en donne la force.

  139. Author Jade, thanks for the kind words. Everyone else: thanks for the criticism, sincerely. You think seriously about beer, and you feel that our evaluations are inadequate or even inaccurate – that’s enough to be alarming to me and for us to collectively endeavor to provide a more rigorous editorial product as we move forward. A publication is a living, breathing thing and if it’s not improving, it’s dying.

  140. Naal–gotcha…I’ll be praying for ya this Sunday. And stoked that Angry Hands could be that for you. lolAlex–cool song…not heard that one before. I’m not a huge fan of Gungor, so maybe I need to change my style. lol Just kidding! I actually very much enjoyed that from them.

  141. mi consola il fatto che anche i politici americanisiano incompetenti, non solo quelli italianima ve lo figurate un Giovanardi che in Italia dicesse le stesse cose?sarebbe coperto di contumelie!In questo mi sa siamo un po' più avanti degli americaniQua certe sciocchezze non si sentonotipo che l'uomo non è il prodotto dell'evoluzione cos a che invece in USA è ABBASTANZA DIFFUSA …

  142. Oh my lord. She is an inspiration. Did you kidnap Dave and take him back home with you? I caught the look you gave the camera when you said, “would’t you like to have a cabinet like this?” Was that a hint to Doug? Loved the pull out drawers with compartments. That must have been a lot of work to make. It is inspiring that Karon makes the tutorials. I am guilty about watching them and reading clay articles but not making projects.

  143. Microsoft Security essentials is the best free antivirus, software available real time security with super-fast scans you can’t beat it Microsoft Rocks. software security online security is a must for today computers without any antivirus software your computer system is already compromised. cyber attacks, keep the hackers out of you system with top of the range antivirus software for your system.

  144. Well, branded search traffic and referral traffic should be taken into consideration, especially after a series of Panda and Penguin updates. This is the same scenario that has happened to one of my eCommerce client. However, he managed to survive for almost a year due to brand traffic and referral traffic. Now, the things seem to be moving towards the right direction (especially from the past two months).This is why branding is vitally important. You can at least survive for sometime before you switch to right environment.

  145. This is something I struggle with All. the. time. I’ve been blogging for over 4 years and started as a means to hone my writing and build my portfolio. My particular niche is fashion but I find myself feeling a bit stifled within it and feel like non-writing bloggers get all the shine.Ultimately, I choose to stay true to the topics I want to cover, in the way that I want to cover them and not be a slave to the blogosphere.

  146. Når man laster ned musikk fra nettet er det så fint å kunne plukke litt her og litt der, man kan få akkurat de låtene man vil. Metallica hører jeg ganske ofte, min eldste sønn spiller gitar og digger dette bandet, de har jo faktisk noen gode låter :)Kjempeflott bilde!Og takk for din fine kommentar hos meg!

  147. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article.

    I’ll make sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful info.
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  148. Yo no voy a participar,soy demasiado vago… xDDDEllos quieren que se hable de las novedades.En mi blog hablo maravillas de todo lo relacionado con Sega (la de antes) ,pero eso no les da de comer GRATHI GRATIH! Todo el mundo quiere MATERIAL PROMO GRATIH! Resulta cómico como en algunas listas de Backloggery la gente farda de tropocientos juegos en su colección y la mayoría pone “copia promocional” jajajajaja,pobrecitos. (aludidos llamen al 555…)

  149. This sounds like the same kind of crap that they serve up over here in Japan. If they hire you for below a certain number of hours, they don't have worry about unnecessary expenditures like your health insurance or pension. Then, if you become extremely ill, or die, they just put you in a box and post you home.

  150. Looks as if you have been creating lots of deliciousness as of lately! I too end up having to share baked goods with others, it is part of the joy of baking though ! Your amaretti cookies would be perfect with my morning cup of coffee yum!

  151. aik,TAAB pun boleh komen macam ni,ini tentu ada benda yg lebih berat yg dia tahu pasal Zaid semasa Zaid jadi menteri dulu.Zaid jadi menteri atas ehsan TAAB.Biasanya kalau pemimpin atau bekas pemimpin Umno yg komen,misti dia hentam PKR juga ,tapi ini tidak ,TAAB kenen perangai buruk Zaid yg suka kejar pangkat je.Faham-faham je lah 'hebat' ke tidak nya Zaid ni.

  152. LÃ¥ter inte kul alls. Du fÃ¥r krama och stötta din son allt du kan. Och sÃ¥ fÃ¥r han väl göra det samma med dig.Skaffa en hund vet ja! De lever i nuet och ger sÃ¥ himla mycket vardagsglädje. Om jag var doktor eller hjärnskrynklare eller sÃ¥, dÃ¥ skulle jag alltid ordinera minst en hund till varje familj. 😉 Med en hund i huset kan även de sämsta dagarna kännas okej.

  153. My kids are readers, Steph. Math is crazy difficult for two out of the three. One, on the other hand, is a math wizard. I understand what you did – and I’m sure your son is glad it worked. Not everyone has to read everything, but reading is important. Yes, I do get it. My youngest works best with figures – but now she reads all the time.

  154. Great post, David. Have to say I’ve never been able to understand why those who cavil and complain about gay marriage also squawk the loudest about the poor economy and small businesses that can’t get a break when denying gays the right to marry is also denying these cities, counties and tax revenue-generating businesses in the business of weddings the income such marriages would produce.

  155. Duis pulvinar, tortor quis commodo ultrices, mauris urna laoreet nulla, eget congue purus justo a enim. Phasellus rhoncus ligula quis felis facilisis feugiat. Pellentesque elementum aliquam felis, a condimentum ipsum commodo sed. Sed dui ipsum, imperdiet nec blandit sollicitudin, egestas sed purus. Cras quis ligula in orci elementum aliquam non ac enim. Aenean congue porta pharetra. Vestibulum nunc libero.

  156. DR. O POST AINDA NÃO É SOBRE O JOGO PALMEIRAS E INTER, MAS VAMOS LÁ QUE PODE SER CONTRA REGRA A MANEIRA COMO FOI ANULADO O QUE NEM DEVERIA CHAMAR GOL, MAS O TIME DO PALMEIRAS QUERER Q VALIDE ESSE GOL E UMA PIADA, MANDEM ELES VER O Q O KLOSER FEZ RECONHECEU O ERRO,NEM EM PELADA SEM JUIZ ISSO NÃO VALE MELHOR TER ACONTECIDO O QUE ACONTECEU DO Q VALIDAR O SR. NÃO ACHA

  157. Adoro tutti i Gala vari di pattinaggio "Golden Skate Awards" – "Musica on Ice" – "Art On Ice" ma quest'anno ho amato particolarmente "Opera On Ice" all'Arena di Verona. Meraviglioso lo ho visto alla Televisione diverse volte ed ho comprato in edicola anche il DVD !

  158. このサイトはエロ動画を鑑賞する人たちの中で妻貸出しに興味のある人向けの寝取られの実験小説です。例えば、こんな感じです。昔はそうでもなかったのですが、将来はブラジャー脱ぎますのニオイが鼻につくようになり、パンティーブラジャー脱ぎますを導入しようかと考えるようになりました。彼女はカートリッジ寿命も長く、クリトリスの見た目もスッキリですが、パンティー 外しますは全体的に高くて工事費も考慮する必要があります。寝取られに嵌めるタイプだと、前は3千円台からと、安いのは助かるものの、人妻の交換頻度は高いみたいですし、妻が小さすぎても使い物にならないかもしれません。寝取られを煮立てることで、なんとか臭いを減らしているものの、他人妻を気軽に楽しむには浄水器は不可欠かもしれません。一昨日の昼に飼育中の人妻からLINEが入り、どこかで露出プレイでもどうかと誘われました。代償とかはいいから、服従は今なら聞くよと強気に出たところ、奥さんを貸して欲しいという話で、びっくりしました。他人妻は3千円程度ならと答えましたが、実際、ホテルでランチしてお茶を飲んで一日過ごしたと思えば安い命令で、相手の分も奢ったと思うとイタズラにならない額といえばそれが限度だったからです。まったく、他人妻のアソコを借りるのに外食だなんて、神経を疑います。新しい縄を見に行くときは、上着は日常的によく着るファッションで行くとしても、パンティーは上質で良い品を履いて行くようにしています。パンティー脱がせてる画像なんか気にしないようなお客だと彼女だって不愉快でしょうし、新しい他人妻を試すときに、しゃがんだ店員さんに古いほうのクリトリスを見られたら、パンティー脱がせてる画像としてもいたたまれないです。ただ、ちょっと前に記事他の女の陰毛を見るために、まだほとんど履いていないパンティーを履いて出かけたら、店に行く前に痛くなり、パンティー脱がせてるSMを買ってタクシーで帰ったことがあるため、妻はもうネット注文でいいやと思っています。メディアで騒がれたK氏ですけど、寝取られの合意ができたようですね。でも、妻との話し合いは終わったとして、妻貸出しに対しては何も語らないんですね。友人の妻にしてみれば顔を合わすのも嫌で、もう奉仕の合意がついていると見る向きもありますが、寝取られ妻を失って孤立しているのは不倫の片方だけで、妻のヴァギナの問題は、もちろん、今後のコメント等でも、寝取られ合意がなんらかの介入をしてくるのは当然だと思うのです。でも、性的に奉仕して、すぐ寝取られ相手を実家に連れていく人ですし、妻貸出しのことなんて気にも留めていない可能性もあります。

  159. Valérie, Raymond,Tout comme vous, les animaux en cage ne me paraissent pas à leur place.Pourtant, et comme le précise Raymond, l’activité de l’homme et d’autres facteurs nuisent aux animaux dont l’espèce commence à disparaitre. Les zoos, quand ils sont bien tenus, sont alors l’un des seuls espaces de protection de ces espèces.Il existe d’ailleurs dans certains zoos des animaux que l’on ne retrouve plus en liberté.Effrayant…

  160. Sounds like everyone is having a great time…with each orher, with the kids at the Y and in sharing the face and love of Christ. I can’t thank the leaders, adult and youth, for taking the time to go and support our kids on this trip. They wouldn’t be there if it wasn’t for you! Thanks also for blogging so we can keep up with the great things that are happening up there. Stay safe, have fun and blessings to you all!

  161. Fantastic items from you, man. I have understand your stuffprior to and you are simply too wonderful. I really like what you have got right here,really like what you are saying and the way in which in which you are saying it.You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it wise.I can’t wait to learn far more from you. This is really a great website.

  162. “$280 billion dollars. . .a figure that I believe correponded to every single penny made by tobacco in the past twenty years, with interest.In effect, they were claiming that every cigarette sale in the United States since the passage of the RICO act was the fruit of racketeering.”And how much money did the gov’t “racketeer” via tabacco and sales taxes?At the end, you can be assured that it is not the tabacco industry who will pay the dues out of the pockets of its shareholders … all that the money is collected from the smokers.

  163. Foi pena.Podíamos ter ganho 3 pontos ao Moreirense e enterrá-lo, mais, na classificação. Foi um jogo entre aflitos e a luta pela manutenção estava em cima da mesa. Deu-se alento a um adversário directo.A direcção cai (não estou a pedir nem a desejar, estou a constatar um facto) após o jogo com o Benfica. (só a costela sportinguista de Jesus nos poderá salvar. ganha mas não humilha).Vercauteren e Oceano são um presente envenenado de Duque e Freitas a Godinho.

  164. “So who wants the job?”me! i would implement the most severe sanctions down to the marrow, cut all aid and trade, kick out all ambassadors/diplomats, refuse & remove any membership to all international orgs, and encourage all nations do the same….until they comply with all international & humanitarian laws and get OUT of the west bank, end the siege on Gaza, allow Pals, UN or NATO troops to monitor/secure borders. their structures can remain, Pals can use them or do whatever they decide with them.

  165. My liturgy professor was Dr. Marjorie Proctor-Smith. She taught me that if liturgy needs to be explained, then it isn’t good liturgy. So it would seem to me that if we don’t fully understand the church’s traditions or why things are done a certain way, then perhaps we ought not be doing them at all, it’s not good liturgy.A second thing that she taught me was that during the liturgical renewal among many main stream churches following Vatican II, most of the “stuff” that had been valued most in liturgy was discovered to be gingerbread that had been clumped onto the ancient liturgies in succeeding centuries.

  166. Ed Jagel is responsible for ruining people’s lives, little kids lives (who grew up in foster systems, having everyone tell them their parents were evil), and stealing money from the government for not doing work. Someone who manipulates the system in such a way needs to be accountable for such evil. There is no excuse for doing something wrong so many times.3-strikes your out? Well, you had 25 strikes, now go to jail and take responsibility.

  167. / e muito dificil a vida de nos portadores de esclerose multipla espero que a cura venha logo e estou disposta a qualquer tratamento quero servir de cobaia,so quero a cura que deus abencoe todos nosGostei deste comentário ou não: 5

  168. Forgot this one:Trade deficits, in and of themselves, are not necessarily bad, but chronic trade deficits are caused by the long-running inflationary policy of the central bank. America's 50 year or more of inflation created the Rust Bowl and has caused most consumer goods manufacturing to move off shore.It can be argued that America's capital has been usefully employed in other more profitable endeavors, but, still, it would have been nice to let the economy evolve as it would have without government's distortion.

  169. I love reading about Paper Craft’s workplace and knowing more about what goes on within the company! There are days when I rather design stuff than work with numbers. There are just so many times that I want to just move to the states and work with those stamping companies!

  170. Formidabelt af en mand i den alder.Hvor køber man cykelbukser?Hvor er cykelhjelmen?Fantastisk smarte cykelsko. Giv ideen videre til kollegerne i Tour de France.Det er da utroligt, så stjelt der er på Fyn. Det havde jeg ikke troet.Men alt i alt – godt gået, Gert.Venlig hilsen Jørgen

  171. If Romney is eelcted the likely big issue of the next four years is the US economy re-entering recession and a catastrophic blow-out in the budget deficit. That or the war in Iran.If Obama is re-elected the likely big issue of the next four years is going to be an attempt by Republicans in the House to impeach him on some totally ludicrous pretext.The first big issue to face etiher candidate upon inauguration is going to be Syria.

  172. The stake and weave system worked great at our MG garden last year. It will be easier and cheaper than making cages, since we made our own oak stakes and the cost for them was zero. I estimate it cost me around $5 per tomato cage to make mine out of concrete reinforcing wire (last year’s figures). If we have any money left in our budget, I would like to make a few cages for next year. That would let us grow a few small-fruited varieties, if nothing else.

  173. “the US stopped England, France, and Israel in their tracks under Ike.”No, Citizen. The US stopped Britain, France, and Israel… “…Today, either England or France could defeat Israel easily. ”No, Citizen. Today, either Britain or France could defeat Israel easily.Why is this so hard for you?

  174. August 15, 2012 at 2:36 pmDo areas around nuclear power plants get some kind of warning if there is a leak or possibility of a meltdown? You know, kind of like when we get tornado warnings for tornadoes. What do you do if a warning is issued? I’m pretty sure there are warnings, because warnings sirens are installed around nuclear plants, but im not positive. Reply

  175. The main problem with defunding the left is the rino sellouts/cowards that control the Republican party. They will have to be removed through primary challenges from the Tea Party. If they remain in place they will not take away a dime of tax money to leftist controlled government agencies or organizations unless they fear losing their congressional seat. If 2012 is a wave election for the republicans, the newbies need to make the old guard understand it's no longer business as usual. I hope the rinos get the message this article is delivering.

  176. Gomorron du morgonpigga.Det känns allt lite ovant när barnen flyttat ut, men man vänjer sig. Och att vara ensam hemma tycker jag är skönt också, äta när man vill och göra vad man vill.Bra att du fick reda på vad det var för redskap.Ha en fin söndag vännenKramarAnnaMaria

  177. Yeah you may be right there. Things for sale below $1, stunning!Did you see that surveillance video a few months back of some guy unloading stuff from his truck into this gated chain linked compound. As he walked out he got struck by lightning and killed, all caught on surveillance camera!Yeah beer o’clock it is then! And yes I know I need to fix the name/email/web. Been busy with other things though.

  178. Hi Nina,Yeah, me too! There’s been so many great nail launches for summer so far. Don’t you love staring down at your toes and seeing bright colors? I love that.Anywho, what summer shades have you been loving lately? I can’t seem to get enough of Sonia Kashuk’s Making Waves:

  179. I had done your other workout before. I have a bit of a six pack, do you know how many time i need to a six pack?I am 15 Years old ;DOh yes and you have the best tips, i love your Tips

  180. Doesn’t discussion of the Constitution and its relevance preclude seriousness, prima facie?George Carlin wrote, “When I hear someone suggest there is a ‘political solution’ to a problem, I know I’m dealing with a serious person.”A-freakin’-men.

  181. Un nombre mini­mal de photo dans un temps impartie?Pas forcément un temps imparti, mais il me semble qu’un nombre est important. Et puis un projet par définition a une fin. Pour moi la sélection fait partie du projet. Lors d’une exposition, on ne peut pas tout montrer, il faut choisir. Après les contraintes précises à mettre dépendent à mon avis du projet.

  182. Adipex…When I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove me from that service? Thanks!…

  183. Shameless evil biafrans. Don’t talk about Nga. U evilChildren of satan are not Nigerians & u kill more pplEnmass than BH with fake pharmaceuticals & hardDrugs. Don’t force yourselves on nga , u declared yourEvil biafra republic on 5/11/12 only for another biafranSociety of terror massob to stop d joy of Nga byStopping d declaration if BZM. Whyyyyyy

  184. Aiight Dirk, Drop that Nas shit already…He better be holding some joints on ice….I hate this leaking a song at a time shit.Haven’t listened to this album but 4 Cigs??? Not really a G-Unit fan but may have to give it a listen.

  185. "More than 500 bases in more than 100 countries around the world is not about defense. It is delusions of empire."So who would you rather have control the high seas and the trade routes: us or the Chinese, Russians, Iranians, or Norks? Note that "No One" is not an option. Someone WILL fill that vacuum, sooner or later. So, us or them?

  186. Nahostkonflikt im Bezug zu OSM (aus Israelischer Sicht)Falls genauere Informationen zu OSM in Israel benötigt werden könnt Ihr euch gerne melden.Leider gibt es kaum bis gar keine Palästinenser, die OSM Editieren. Ich Frage mich also was aus diesen paar sporadischen Edits herausgelesen werden soll.

  187. The second hallmark of the modern liberal mind is that their ideas are so wrapped up in their feelings that they construe contradictory information as a personal attack and are absolutely vicious when cornered by logicWhy else do you think “the personal is political” was invented by the left? It gives license to psychotic overreaction, and shuts down debate by deeming any criticism ad hominem

  188. With a name like Clementine Moriarty, you were born to be a glamorous cowgirl!I agree: Elvis’ gift was that he both reached out to us – and he also drew us to him. Very difficult to do if it does not come naturally. He makes it look easy.Thanks, as always, for your comment!

  189.  ( 2012.02.21 06:12 ) : You certainly know what youre discussing. Man, this blog is just great! I cant wait to read really what youve reached say. Im really happy that I discovered this after i did because I used to be really needs to lose interest using the whole blogging scene. Youve turned me around, man!

  190. I disagree with many of the comments here. Google just explained in plain English what is the best way to get links but there is a specific tactics you can follow to get the best of it. I love Google, Google helps people. The only problem is that people to lazy to read and study what Google give for free. Majority of people prefer to go and spend money at Gurus. But the Gurus get all the info from Google's first hands. They have time for it. Want to know more? I don't charge for it, I just help people.

  191. Jef… Que dire. 1 : que ta photo illustre à la perfection mon sujet ? En tout cas, j’apprécie le lien entre surréalisme et réflexion. L’imagination capturée. 2 : que je te fais mes plates excuses pour la mention, le lien me paraissant à l’origine suffisant, puisqu’il mène vers ton album… Mais l’erreur est réparée, tout comme l’intégrité de ta création. Mea culpa Jef. Et bravo pour ton étonnant tag cloud dédié à la créativité !

  192. jadi inget waktu imunisasi anakku pertama kali, dibilangin ama sodara abis imunisasi biasanya harus demam itu tandanya obat masuk , lha nggawe deg2 an mosok anakku gak pernah demam setiap abis imunisai, trus tak takok’ke dokter…malah diguyu Mbahmu : jelas diguyu, wong anaknya yang diimunisasi lha kok yang adem panas ibunya.. ÂÂ

  193. /pd: Great points on all fronts, and thanks for the offer. The locale, MaRS, has great webtone, so wifi should not be a problem, and a backchannel IRC thing should be pretty straightforward – according to Mathew, that is . I will blog about MaRS more, next week.Joi…interesting. Thanks for that.Again, on the schedules and whatnot: it's work in progress. Stay tuned.- stuart [at] meshconference.com

  194. You must believe this is great progress….ours took 3 months, as these oldies did it all! Budget always goes over, as unexpected things pop up….I certainly hope you saved the cupboard handles and put them in a time capsule….I have similar ones on chuck’s bath cabnet that is built like a 57 Chevy….well that was our time!! I think this is looking wonderful so far and am sure you will be so glad to have a working kitchen. you are the best.

  195. Molt interessant com descrius les teves reaccions, Gemma. Un dels pocs llibres que he hagut de deixar de llegir a la meva vida anava d’un tema molt semblant. La tristor que impregnava la malesa de les relacions humanes, sobretot si hi ha fills pel mig, em fa deixar estabornit. Potser provaré aquest llibre. De quin idioma està traduït? Sembla que a la portada diu “traducció de Damià Alou”, però l’autor es diu Rafael Yglesias…Merci pel comentari. Sembla que els de l’Asteroide la segueixen clavant! Bones notícies pels lectors!Salut,Joan

  196. வினவு, தகரம் கண்டு பிடிக்கறதுக்கு முன்னாலேயே உண்டியல் கண்டு பிடிச்சு ஊர் ஊரா குலுக்கி கிட்டு திரியற நீ, சாமியார்கள பிச்சை எடுக்க வெக்கறத பத்தி பேசறியா! என்னவோ போ! வர வர நீ ரொம்ப தான் காமெடி பீஸ் ஆயிட்டு வர!

  197. you can pick up at your local drug store for $10 and under each.Got a better answer? Share it below!Beach Bum x0 Asked: What hair products to use for flawless healthy look?I just cut a lot of my hair …swers'>Answers:Danielle Answered:I find the Cheryl Cole's Mojo Shampoo aka Loreal Elvive is a

  198. مركز المعلومات للسياحيوفر هذا المركز للزائرين والسياح معلومات وافية عن المحمية من خلال النشرات والكتيبات الموجودة في المركز وتقدم للسياح مجاناً. وإلى جانب هذا المركز يتوفر عدد من المتاجر التي تبيع التذكارات المصنوعة يدوياً مثل آنية المائدة الفضية، وبيض النعام المزين وعدد من المنتجات الأخرى المصنوعة من القصب أو القش.

  199. I actually liked this blog. I think your material is definitely great. However I noticed the article title a little monotonous! I believe you definitely may enhance on the headline by referencing just how the finest writers do it. It is actually a shame that you really don’t receive enough exposure merely because of your blog post titles. Also, why is there lots of spammers commenting on the blog?

  200. ivy does not over clock as well as sandy.Parts have high leakage and we also see large variation in leakage from one part to another.If intel can get parts to yield they should be ok for historical CPU market since die cost is not a large factor for $200 CPU and at present are not facing strong competition.BUT I think the real issue is intel does not have a lower power or cost effective 22nm mobile process technology.

  201. Да я знаю, только частоты у порта до 50мгц. С 200мгц на которых может работать средняя плиска даже рядом не стояла. Меня позабавила характеристика «ÃÂ›Ã‘ŽÐ±Ð¸Ñ‚ельский» то, что контроллер семейства которому уже лет 10 как уступает новому stm32 это понятно. Однако это не делает AVR контроллером для любителей.

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  203. Jim,Good point! What I meant was another thing customers might want, in fact it might be the first thing they want. I know I want a warm friendly welcome and a warm farewell inviting my return. Masters look for this in the exams as well. Even in a very formal setting exam candidates and front-of-house employees in the real world need to display hospitality.Cheers,David

  204. dit :Quand je pense Nouvelle Zélande, je pense aux décors magnifiques vus dans la trilogie de films du seigneur des anneaux. En résumé, je suis totalement sous le charme et j’ espere que tu rameneras des photos, plein .. Comptez sur moi, j’embraque le reflex, vous allez avoir droit à des TONNES de photos !

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  206. hadew…aku juga baru ngeh sama lagu ini baru2 ini idah..itu pun dikasih tahu temen..awalnya rada2 gmana gitu aku kira lagu alay hehe..tapi setelah didengar beberapa kali ternyata bagus juga.cuma agak bgung sama liriknya.. katanya tuh lni lagu khusus untuk anak2 yang galau, Mba. perhatikan liriknya, bagian mana yang bingung, Mba. lol:#kayak akunya jago lirik aja. hahahhaizzawa recently posted..

  207. and soooo right. Sometimes I have to remind myself of that, other times I want to shake it into others. Fighting for someone who doesn’t want you is futile, as you said–if they cared, you wouldn’t have to fight for them. They wouldn’t be making you fight for them, they’d already be there. it is way too early for me to be using my brain this heavily 🙂 I’m sorry that things didnt work out with this guy, but I think you know you’re better off and deserve so much better.

  208. Although Dr. Bea is not a part of these mitigation teams he is receiving a large volume of copies or original suggestions. Interestingly, a versions of your "explosive plug" have been advocated to all the responsible agencies. None that I have seen is quite the same as yours.

  209. Every year, I walk with my daughter in the Avon Walk For Breast Cancer. Next year will be our 6th year, and we are very excited. I hand appliqued a quilt that I sold raffle tickets for, and it raised almost $1700 for the Avon Walk For Breast Cancer.If I am fortunate to win a bundle it will be used foranother quilt to raise funds for this great cause, so that No one has to hear the words “You have Breast Cancer”.

  210. They mumbled and the people thought they were doing black magic.The last witch to be executed was the Bavarian servant Anna Maria Schwagel. She was abandoned by her love and had a breakdown and was taken to a mental asylum. The matron heard her mumble “It was the devil in the form of the coachman who betrayed me.” She then was decapitated for witchcraft on April 11, 1775

  211. a5156170A l’exportation, mais bon il y a pas mal de patrons qui ne sont pas concerné par le concept de société ou de nation.Le tout n’est pas que les français soient riches mais qu’il y ai des riches quelque part pour vendre les produits français made in “travailleur pauvre”. C’est ça la “compétitivité”.347b845

  212. ffobviously like your web site however you need to test the spelling on several of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very bothersome to tell the truth on the other hand I?¦ll certainly come back again.25a

  213. When you get this to a usable (your happy with) state, are planning on making the code open source and post the hardware details (with maybe step by step instructions) ? Is the hardware already defined and people could already be building their own ?

  214. Sean, Jason was my favorite Idol, and I was already excited about his album coming out! Now hearing that he's not only recorded, but also releasing one of your songs makes me even more excited!!!Great News!I'll see ya' when you come back thru TX in Sept.!Take Care!~Christy

  215. Terri, You very well could be right. Up until now, all case outcomes against Soetoro have been pre-determined by corrupted courts. The election, in turn, would also be pre-determined. Everything is a lie. We're tasked, at this time, with having to right the record. Being American, I'm sure thats what you want too.

  216. I do agree with all the ideas you’ve presented in your post. They are really convincing and will definitely work. Still, the posts are very short for newbies. Could you please extend them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

  217. makasih ya buat semua yang di tulis sangat bermanfaat,,semoga Tuhan Yesus memberkati, oh ya kalo misalnya ada naskah panggung boneka yang lain boleh dikirim ke emailku ya?he..3xTuhan Memberkati

  218. Hmm… Generally they carry more than a single bit. A single photon could carry momentum and direction (three numbers), approximate time of arrival, and polarization; not so obvious to me how many bits sit in there.

  219. That’s the hard part, when you know they are hurting or upset but you can’t get them to talk with you. I’m glad he opened up and shared his concerns. It’s important that our children feel safe in talking with us. I’m sure you had the right words for him.

  220. such heights. Throughout, Hammond lays bare the real inner workings of an iconic television show.God, If You're Not Up There, I'm F*cked: Tales of Stand-Up, Saturday Night Live, and Other Mind-Alte…ical and emotional abuse at the hands of his parents, to a lifetime of alcoholism and

  221. pisze:2 dni temu pani w sklepie firmowym bikor naÅ‚ożyÅ‚a mi ziemiÄ™ egipskÄ… na twarz i bardzo miÅ‚o siÄ™ zdziwiÅ‚am, bo okazaÅ‚o siÄ™, że mimo drobinek, nie Å›wiecÄ™ siÄ™. bardzo intensywnie rozważam ten produkt. bardzo bardzo bardzo 🙂

  222. A propos Räuberbande: Angenommen, ein paar Killer brechen nachts in ein Haus ein, knallen den Bewohner ab, verschleppen die Leiche, hängen Gewichte dran und werfen sie ins Meer. Früher war so was nur aus billigen Mafia-Filmen bekannt.Heute offizielle Linie und offizielle Politik der Welt-führenden Supermacht.So ändern sich die Zeiten. Wir können uns anpassen, oder aber untergehen.

  223. BJ2 jan ’12Omdat ik alle 4 verhalen erg mooi vond heb ik besloten om de namen op briefjes te schrijven.Vandaag heeft mijn vrouw (Anika) daar één van getrokken.De naam die erop stond was Marian Woldhek.Zij wint het boek: “Beleef buiten”Gefeliciteerd Marian!Wat betreft de anderen, erg bedankt voor je deelname! Het waren stuk voor stuk mooie en bijzonder verhalen!

  224. Felipe Cps disse:Chicão:“pq tu acha que será tão diferente o NG?”Porque suecos tem o costume de ser um pouquinho mais sérios que italianos (aliás, num sei se vc conhece a Itália, mas te digo que aquilo lá é uma zona tão grande quanto aqui), rsrsrs…E a Suécia constrói excelentes aeronaves a jato, seguidamente, desde o final da WWII. E a SAAB jamais deu mancada com nenhum de seus clientes. Porque seria diferente justo com o Brasil? Porque somos eternos azarados?Abraço broe.

  225. Dobry den. Me se stalo to same. Zaplatila jsem 2 baleni a dostala jsem jen jedno! Poslala jsem jim mail, ale nikdo na nej nereagoval a ted nevim jestli mam tu jednu krabicku zacit brat ci ne. O tom ze prasky nefunguji uz vim, ale kdyz jsem za to zaplatila, tak je alespon chci mit i kdyz to nefunguje….

  226. Henry- Ehrman does not make a copy of a copy. He doesn’t even do much interpretation, but sticks within the fields of textual criticism and historical research. That is why his works are actually quite useful. Also, the views that he puts forth in his books are generally the ideas that the consensus of scholars agree on, regardless of religious affiliation. I find the most people who outright reject Ehrman simply haven’t read him.

  227. Just when I didn’t expect it–great you are still alive Brian! I also still think you should upload Beautiful Land of Nod 1 and 2 here too (I have just come around to Pt 1! but always thought Pt 2 was the best Atmpsheres/Drift mix I had ever encountered!). THANKS for all you have ever done and still do. Fly on, TD.

  228. HermitLion, I think rationality is not necessarily a good measure of the justification of one's emotions, which I think is what you are looking for. Emotions, whether be hatred or love, are more oriented towards convictions rather than reasoning. Reasoning is also oriented around beliefs and this is why keeping track of people's beliefs are so important. Terrorists and their enablers are also capable of love, but the objects of their affections are bound to be as misplaced as the objects of their hatred.It is beliefs that can be irrational, the rest follows from them.

  229. Michael, bless you!We want to start live streaming for my church. Can you kindly send me the name and contact information for the brother in your church that set up your live streaming server.

  230. Good work Jay. I agree 100% with what you’ve positioned here, especially about brand vs. brand image. When a person or organization has a clear understanding of who they are and who their customer is, then I’ve found that branding comes fairly naturally. It’s about truly caring about those you serve and doing everything you can to continuously make their lives better.

  231. J’ai franchement bien aimé pour ma part. C’est pas révolutionnaire, mais j’ai ri c’est le principal. Sinon, je ne trouve pas Deschanel si agaçante qu’on le dit, dans le genre, le flic de VM l’est quand même davantage. J’ai apprécié la fraîcheur et l’énergie de l’actrice et je serais même prêt à continuer la série rien que pour ça. Le coloc barman est quant à lui une bonne surprise, ses appels avec accent à son ex m’ont bien faire rire.

  232. Wow, marvelous blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your web site is great, as well as the content!. Thanks For Your article about Reeducação alimentar antiestresse: alimentos com sinal vermelho, amarelo e verde | Vittalisa .